CBD and Hemp terms can be confusing.  This beginner’s guide to CBD & Hemp terms is an excellent base to your CBD knowledge.


Also known as Cannabis.  These plants can have different species and variations of cannabinoids.  The two common types are Indica and Sativa.  Generally, Hemp Sativa is low THC and higher other cannabinoids. This may also be called industrial hemp.


Acronym for Cannabidiol. One of the Cannabinoids found in the Cannabis plant that is non-psychoactive. 


Molecules found in the Cannabis plant that interact with cannabis receptors in the endocannabinoid system. Phytocannabinoid is another term for cannabinoid that simply specifies that it is from a plant.  Phyto means “from plant.”  There are some drugs that have synthetic cannabinoids.

Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system or ECS is a biological system with cannabinoid receptors existing within the central nervous system and peripheral system. Typically your CB1 receptors are found in your spinal cord and brain.  CB2 receptors are found throughout the body including your skin.  These cannabinoids receptors receive and utilize cannabinoids within the body for a variety of purposes.


These are organic compounds found in hemp plants that are non-psychoactive. Terpenes can enhance hemp effects with taste, smell, and some health benefits. Many other plants like herbs. florals and conifers possess various types of terpenes.  Cannabis plants product their their own specific terpenes (aka scent).


This term is used to describe when a CBD product contains all of the cannabinoid compounds.

THC Free

THC Free CBD products, CBD isolate, and Broad Spectrum CBD products do not contain the THC cannabinoids.

Carrier Oil

This is the type of oil CBD and it’s flavorings are contained it.  502 Hemp chooses to use MCT coconut oil to improve shelf life and maximize absorption.

CBD Topical

CBD topicals are used on your skin and work with your endocannabinoid system through your skin.  Typically, CBD topicals work in the area you apply them.

CBD Edible

CBD edibles are CBD products you ingest.  CBD coffee, CBD teas, CBD chocolate area few examples of CBD edibles.

CBD Beauty

CBD Beauty products are similar to CBD topicals.  These products are used on the outside parts of the body.  CBD and hemp could improve health and beauty concerns like rashes, acne, dry skin, and more.  CBD beauty products like CBD bath bombs may help you relax and relieve sore muscles.Still, have questions? You can continue your CBD education with more 502 Hemp articles.  Please feel free to contact us with more questions!